Acne: what is it, types, reasons, how to treat

Лечение акне

What is acne?

Acne (or acne) is a common, chronic skin condition. In common parlance, it is also known as acne.

In most cases, these rashes go away on their own and without a trace, but sometimes scars or dark spots appear in their place – post-acne. An intense rash can become not only a cosmetic problem: due to such changes in appearance, self-esteem often decreases. Sometimes it even leads to depression. But the right acne treatment can help avoid dermatological, aesthetic and psychological difficulties.

Acne appears mainly in adolescents: 85% of boys and girls from 12 to 25 years old have acne. Over time, this problem becomes less relevant: only 11% of people older than this age continue to have acne periodically. The reason is in the hormonal background, which is actively changing during puberty: the amount of androgen hormones, including testosterone, increases significantly. Contrary to popular belief, the female body also produces testosterone – it is he who leads to the formation of rashes.

What does acne look like?

Visually, these are seals protruding above the surface of the skin. Acne appears on any part of the body, but the most vulnerable are the face, neck, chest, and upper back. Acne forms due to blockage of the sebaceous ducts, which are most common in the areas listed above. Some formations are visually difficult to distinguish, others (larger) are clearly visible.

что такое акне

o understand how to get rid of acne, it is necessary to identify the type of “instances”. It can be:

  • Open comedones (blackheads) – made up of excess fat, bacteria, and dead cells. It is this accumulation that is contained in the dark “filling” of the pimple, and not the dirt, as is sometimes thought.
  • Closed comedones (whiteheads) are convex formations that preserve the integrity of the surface, so the accumulation of fat, bacteria and skin cells remains under a thin layer of the dermis and has a white color.
  • Papules are bulging formations of pink or red color, accompanied by inflammation of varying intensity.
  • Pustules – Similar to whiteheads, but with redness around the base. Pustules can leave scars and need to be treated right away.
  • Cysts – filled with pus, can also leave scars.
  • Nodules (nodules) – formations in the thickness of the skin, have a dense structure, cause discomfort and pain.

какие бывают угри

Acne can appear alone or in groups, form and disappear imperceptibly, or be accompanied by discomfort. There are 4 stages of acne:

  1. Mild – a small number of single small eels.
  2. Medium – there are more rashes, some have signs of inflammation.
  3. Severe – there are many rashes, most of them with inflammation, nodules or cysts are formed.
  4. Very Severe – A high concentration of one or more types of acne, many of which are painful.

First-degree acne, like second-degree acne, heals quickly. But if you have any type of acne (or a combination of several types), you should contact a dermatologist who will tell you how to get rid of acne. You can treat a rash at any stage, but if you start earlier, the result will be much faster.

Causes of acne

efore starting treatment, it is important to understand what causes acne on the body? Main reasons:

  1. Oily skin type – too active work of the sebaceous glands produces a large amount of secretion, the skin does not have time to cleanse itself.
  2. Follicular hyperkeratosis – follicular spills are closed with a thin layer of the stratum corneum, which leads to the formation of comedones.
  3. Propionbacterium acne bacteria live on the body of most people and often do not cause problems. But an increase in their number leads to the appearance of a rash.
  4. Inflammation of the skin – numerous factors can provoke it.

How to treat acne correctly

избавится от угрей

There are many modern acne treatments that will work well. It is important to be realistic when seeking treatment – this is not a one-day task. There are many misconceptions about acne treatment. Here are five things to keep in mind:

There is no way to quickly cure acne. More precisely, quickly and efficiently. It takes time (4 to 8 weeks) to see the effect.

📌 “Result overnight” or “miracle cure” is, alas, impossible!
📌Treatment will help get rid of existing acne faster, but its main goal is to prevent further breakouts.
📌For a lasting result, it is important to adhere to the recommendations of a dermatologist, even if the skin has already visually cleared
📌 When sore, inflamed pimples sometimes leave dark, flat spots that will go away after a few months – and not necessarily scars

Correct acne treatment begins with a comprehensive examination and skin care in the doctor’s office using professional skin cleansers and peels. Also, the doctor selects products for home care, focusing on the condition of the skin and the spread of the problem.

As for hardware cosmetology, effective acne treatment will be provided by:

✅Laser resurfacing – some problems disappear after the first session;
✅plasma therapy
✅micro-needle RF-lifting

Also, doctors at the Esteva Clinic will tell you which procedures are contraindicated for exacerbated acne, as they can aggravate the problem.

How to care for acne skin

For successfully treat acne, you must adhere to a comprehensive treatment regimen. This will allow you to influence the body comprehensively – both from the outside and from the inside. What helps with acne:

❎ exfoliation or acid peels;
❎ use of products containing antibiotics;
❎ acne phototherapy treatment;
❎ sometimes – hormone therapy;
❎ correction of the diet.

After assessing the situation, the doctor will determine how to get rid of acne most effectively. Skin care takes time and effort, but the result will really be, and it will be long-lasting.

We present you the results of acne treatment by Esteva Clinic specialists

Acne complication

The most unpleasant complication is post-acne. This is the name of a complex change in a skin area. Acne marks on the face and body appear due to lack of treatment or due to the choice of the wrong technique.

Post-acne is:

🔰 enlarged pores
🔰 uneven skin tone
🔰 Scars

формы постакне


Enlarged pores. In a normal state, human skin is independently cleansed of dead particles. But with acne, these particles of the epidermis remain on the surface of the skin and mix with the secretion that the sebaceous glands produce. And also – with dust, makeup, sweat. The excretory ducts become clogged, self-cleaning becomes impossible – everything accumulates in the pores, which are forced to increase in size. As a result, the skin loses its uniformity.

Heterogeneous tone (dyschromia). The appearance of acne and any seals on the skin disrupts the normal circulation of blood and lymph. As a result, dilated capillaries, hyperpigmentation or depigmentation of certain areas, prolonged darkening or redness of the place where acne was located may form. Most often, the tone becomes heterogeneous if the patient tried to mechanically get rid of the rash with his own hand. If you make an appointment with a dermatologist in a timely manner, you can avoid such problems.

Scarring. They form if acne does not form in the upper layers of the skin, but deeper. The doctor, having determined the type of acne that led to the scarring, will help with the treatment of such a consequence.

You can find more detailed information about post-acne and methods of its treatment on our page “Post-acne treatment”.

It is important to understand that acne is not only a dermatological problem, but also an aesthetic one. Treating this problem early can prevent emotional distress. Research shows that the longer acne lasts, the more likely it is to affect emotions and develop feelings of self-doubt. It is also important to remember that without treatment, the stage of the skin lesion can get worse. Early treatment will prevent such problems. It’s much easier than dealing with emotional stress and persistent acne scars.

How to restore skin after acne treatment

акне у мужчин

After eliminating this problem, the skin will need high-quality, comprehensive care. First of all, this is a thorough cleansing and nutrition.

A dermatologist will be sure to talk about how to care for your face and body when the acne is healed to prevent the situation from recurring. He will also help you choose cosmetics for home care. And periodic visits to the beautician as a prophylaxis against the appearance of new acne are also highly desirable.

Interesting facts about acne

We propose to study a few interesting points about this problem:

✅ More than 40% of adolescents have post-acne manifestations by mid-adolescence.
✅ The disease has affected 40 to 50 million Americans, making it the most common skin condition in the United States.
✅ It has no age limit – acne can appear at 50!
✅ Do not squeeze, pop, squeeze or pick pimples – this is what scars appear.
✅ There are no studies that unequivocally prove the effect of stress on the appearance of acne.
✅ Washing your face twice a day is enough. Doing this more often can cause skin irritation.
✅ Many people stop treatment if they do not see immediate results, but it may take several weeks to see progress. Do not give up!

Why is it the best solution for acne treatment to see a specialist at Esteva Clinic?

Esteva Cliniс врачи

📌We know how to get rid of acne and prevent new appearances, and we will help to do it as soon as possible.
📌Experienced dermatologists work in our clinic
📌We have all the necessary equipment for high-quality diagnostics and subsequent treatment of skin diseases.
📌The Esteva Clinic of aesthetic medicine and cosmetology works according to a very convenient schedule – every day from 9.30 to 21.00.

We will always find time for you!

Waiting for you!

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